Strains & Sprains
Common athletic injuries
Whether it’s volleyball, football, basketball or cross-country it seems like every athlete experiences a sprained ankle or a strained muscle in their career. In fact these minor injuries involving muscles, ligaments and/or tendons, cause the majority of sports injuries.
A sprain is a twisting injury or tear to a ligament. Sprains most often affect the ankles, knees or wrists. A strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon and is often caused by overuse, force or stretching. Treatment plans for a sprain or strain will depend on the athlete’s age, overall health and medical history, the extent of the injury and the athlete’s tolerance for medications, procedures or therapies.
Initial treatment for a sprain or strain is usually R.I.C.E. (rest, ice, compression and elevation). Other treatment options include: medications, activity restrictions, splint or cast, crutches or wheelchair, physical therapy and, in extreme cases, surgery.